The number one reason that I've heard cited for not going to the polls during my time canvassing over the years has been that the person did not think that their vote mattered. With Citizens United and other outcomes to point to, those people who didn't believe they should be voting now have something concrete to point at and say "see, my vote doesn't count".The final tabulation of the percent of eligible voters who cast their ballots in the midterm elections is 36.3 percent. That’s the lowest turnout since 1942 (when the U.S. was in the middle of World War II and many couldn’t get to the polls).To what do you attribute the record-low turnout? (a) Most Americans are so turned off by the negativism and mean-spiritedness of politics that we don’t want to participate. (b) We don’t think our vote makes any difference because big money has taken over. (c) We like the direction the country is moving in and therefore feel no reason to vote. (d) We’re working so hard these days that we just couldn’t take the time. (e) Other? (I'll give you my assessment tomorrow.)
It is true that voting is not enough participation to see that your views are expressed by your representatives; but then voting is just the last event in a long chain of actions that a responsible citizen should be taking in order to make sure our representative government works.
You cannot (like so many libertarian/anarchists/voluntaryists on the internet) simply say "I'm not part of this system, it is imposed on me" and withhold your _permission_ for government to operate at all; because you don't agree with what it's doing. The systems do not require your permission to continue operating.
In fact, the new leaders in our government prefer that you don't participate and simply accept their plans for you. They've got a pretty good money making scheme going here (have had it going for awhile now, since Eisenhower's time) and all this noise about participation sounds like interference.
We owe it to ourselves and our children not just to vote, but to take back our government from the corporations currently profiting from it, and eliminate those corporations from the process entirely because they are not only _not_ people, but their participation allows certain monied people more access and influence than whole classes of real suffering people who actually do the work in this country.
So the short answer is (b) in my experience, but the solution is not just to vote, but to invade the Democratic and Republican Parties with our selves and our views and turn this country around. Prove that American's still have a will of their own.